This report ranks countries on climate action. Who is this year’s “climate loser”?

Major fossil fuel exporters and countries with high per capita emissions rates score lowest in a new ranking of how different countries around the world are responding to climate change.

Directory Climate change performance index (CICC), released on Wednesday, tracks the climate performance of the 60 most polluting countries in the world, as well as the European Union, which together are responsible for 92% of all global emissions.

It assesses the performance of each country in accordance with the Paris Agreement target of limiting warming to a maximum of 1.5 degrees Celsius, and assigns a score in four categories: greenhouse emissions, use of water. energy, renewable energies and climate policy.

European Union policy initiatives are considered separately for each European country, which is also included in the ranking.

It is vital that all countries take urgent action to prevent catastrophic climate change. A report released on Tuesday by Climate Action Tracker found that despite promises made at the COP26 climate conference this month, the world is still expected to get warmer. 2.4 degrees above pre-industrial levels – a warming that would have devastating consequences, including increased crop failures, extreme weather conditions and rising sea levels.

While there have been improvements for some countries since last year’s CICC, no country has yet managed to achieve the highest possible score – so the top three spaces in the leaderboard have been left blank.

“That says a lot,” note the researchers who compiled the index, on the CCPI website. “Even if all countries were as committed as the current pioneers, that still would not be enough to prevent dangerous climate change. “

“The top-ranked countries also have no reason to relax,” they continue. “Even greater efforts and actions on the part of governments are needed to put the world on the right track to keep global warming well below a 2 degree increase. Even better, 1.5 degrees.

The index is compiled by a group of climate think tanks, Germanwatch, the NewClimate Institute and the Climate Action Network International, which is a coalition of climate campaign groups.

The 10 lowest-rated countries are: United States, Russia, Malaysia, Australia, Korea, Chinese Taipei, Canada, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Kazakhstan.

All of them received their low scores for various reasons. For example, the United States scores “very low” in the categories emissions, energy consumption and renewables, but an “average” score for its climate policy because of President Joe Biden’s decision. commit to halving emissions levels by 2030.

Australia has performed particularly poorly, the report notes – coming last in the ‘climate policy’ category and 58 out of 64 overall (the ranking climbs to 64 due to empty spaces for the top three).

It is named by researchers as this year’s “climate loser” because it is behind other high-income countries and behind many low-income countries. The report says 92% of the country’s energy was powered by fossil fuels as of 2020, and adds that the Australian government “is not taking substantial action to radically change that picture.”

Politically, the report says Australia’s ‘technology investment roadmap’, which aims to support technologies that help reduce emissions by 2040, is ‘insufficient’ to support decarbonization. necessary. While Australia announced its goal of being net zero by 2050 in October, index report notes that “no new policies or plans have been announced” to support this announcement.

Canada also ranks in the bottom 10, dropping three spots from last year’s index. The index report says that “experts are highlighting the oil and gas industry as a major obstacle to more ambitious climate policy” in Canada and noted that the country could do more to support renewable energy.

As for the countries that did better, the top 10 overall scores were: Denmark, Sweden, Norway, UK, Morocco, Chile, India, Lithuania, Malta and Germany .

Again, all of these countries received their ratings for various reasons. The UK has performed particularly well in the amount of its share of energy now coming from renewables, as well as its forward-looking policies.

India, meanwhile, scored “medium” for its use of renewable energy, but scored high for its climate policy and ambitious targets. It was also praised for being close to meeting its “Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) target of 40% share for installed capacity of non-fossil fuels by 2030”.

Denmark has been called a “climate winner” this year because of its two-decade shift from reliance on coal to more than 30% of its energy from renewable sources.

Most importantly, none of these countries are yet doing well enough to meet the Paris climate targets and limit climate change in the necessary way.

Stephan Singer, Senior Climate Science and Global Energy Policy Advisor at the Climate Action Network, noted that the countries that generally score low in the rankings are major exporters of fossil fuels and heavy users of fossil fuels.

“The same countries that are among the worst climatic performers are the same as the world’s largest exporters of fossil fuels and major users of fossil fuels like the United States, Saudi Arabia, Russia and Australia.” , did he declare.

“They also belong to the group of countries that have the highest per capita energy consumption and CO2 emissions from fossil fuels as well as much lower renewable energy and energy efficiency achievements,” a- he added.

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